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“Merry Christmas” In Many Languages December 15, 2008

Posted by Fantastic Four in Cultural Diversity, Language, Mini Glossary, Phrases.
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For those of you who celebrate Christmas, here is an alphabetical list of countries and how they say “Merry Christmas” in those countries. I will modify and correct and add to this list as I see fit in the next few weeks. There are so many of these lists on the net, I am hundred percent sure there are many mistakes. Any corrections and alternative suggestions are welcome.

A

Afghanistan: – De Christmas akhtar de bakhtawar au newai kal de mubarak sha
Albania: – Gézuar Krishlindjet
Algeria: – Mboni Chrismen
American: – Samoa – La Maunia Le Kilisimasi
Andorra: – Bon Nadal
Angola: – Boas Festas
Antarctica: – Merry Christmas, Felices Pasquas, Hristos Razdajetsja
Antigua and Barbuda: – Merry Christmas
Argentina: – Feliz Navidad!
Armenia: – Shnorhavor Sourp Dzunount
Aruba: – Bon Pasco, Bon Anja
Australia: – Happy Christmas
Austria: – Frohe Weihnachten
Azerbaijan: – Tezze Iliniz Yahsi Olsun

B

Bahamas: – Happy Christmas
Bahrain: – Mboni Chrismen
Bangladesh: – Shuvo Baro Din
Barbados: – Merry Christmas
Belarus: – Winshuyu sa Svyatkami
Belgium: – Zalig Kerstfeest
Belize: – Merry Christmas
Benin: – Joyeux Noel
Bermuda: – Merry Christmas
Bhutan: – krist Yesu Ko Shuva Janma Utsav Ko Upalaxhma Hardik Shuva
Bolivia: – Feliz Navidad
Bosnia and Herzegowina: – Sretam Bozic, Hristos se rodi
Botswana: – Merry Christmas
Brazil: – Feliz Natal
British Indian Ocean Territory: – Happy Christmas
Brunei Darussalam: – Selamat Hari Natal
Bulgaria: – Vessela Koleda
Burkina Faso: – Joyeux Noel
Burundi: – Noeli Nziza, Joyeux Noel

C

Cameroon: – Merry Christmas, Joyeux Noel
Canada: – Merry Christmas, Joyeux Noel, Merry Christmas, Selamat Hari Natal
Cape Verde: – Boas Festas
Cayman Islands: – Merry Christmas
Central African Republic: – Joyeux Noel
Chad: – Joyeux Noel, Mboni Chrismen
Chile: – Feliz Navidad China Sheng Tan Kuai Loh
Christmas Island: – Merry Christmas
Colombia: – Feliz Navidad para todos
Comoros: – Joyeux Noel, Mboni Chrismen
Congo: – Joyeux Noel
Cook Islands: – Merry Christmas, Kia orana e kia manuia rava i teia Kiritime
Costa Rica: – Feliz Navidad
Cote D’ivoire: – Joyeux Noel
Croatia: – Sretan Bozic
Cuba: – Feliz Navidad
Cyprus: – Eftihismena Christougenna, Noeliniz kutlu olsun ve yeni yili
Czech Republic: – Vesele Vanoce

D

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea: – Sung Tan Chuk Ha
Denmark: – Glaedelig Jul
Djibouti: – Joyeux Noel, Mboni Chrismen
Dominica: – Merry Christmas
Dominican Republic: – Feliz Navidad

E

Ecuador: – Feliz Navidad
Egypt: – Mboni Chrismen
El Salvador: – Feliz Navidad
Equatorial Guinea: – Joyeux Noel, Feliz Navidad
Eritrea: – Melkam Yelidet Beaal, Poket Kristmet
Estonia: – Haid Joule, Rôômsaid Jôule
Ethiopia: – Melkam Yelidet Beaal, Poket Kristmet, Merry Christmas

F

Falkland Islands (Malvinas): – Merry Christmas
Faroe Islands: – Gledhilig jol
Federated States of Mirconesia: – Merry Christmas
Fiji: – Merry Christmas
Finland: – Hauskaa Joulua
France: – Joyeux Noel
French Guiana: – Joyeux Noel
French Polynesia: – Joyeux Noel, La ora i te Noera
French Southern Territories: – Joyeux Noel

G

Gabon: – Joyeux Noel
Gambia: – Merry Christmas
Georgia: – Gilotsavt Krist’es Shobas
Germany: – Frohliche Weihnachten
Ghana: – Afishapa
Gibraltar: – Merry Christmas, Feliz Navidad
Greece: – Eftihismena Christougenna
Greenland: – Glædelig Jul, Juullimi Ukiortaassamilu Pilluarit
Grenada: – Merry Christmas
Guadeloupe: – Joyeux Noel
Guam: – Merry Christmas, Felis Pasgua
Guatemala: – Feliz Navidad
Guinea: – Joyeux Noel
Guinea-bissau: – Boas Festas
Guyana: – Merry Christmas

H

Haiti: – Jwaye Nwel
Honduras: – Feliz Navidad
Hong Kong: – Sing dan fiy loc, Merry Christmas
Hungary: – Boldog Karácsonyt

I

Iceland: – Gleðileg Jól
India: – Shub Naya Baras
Indonesi: – a Salamet Hari Natal
Iraq: – Idah Saidan Wasanah Jadidah
Ireland: – Nollaig shona duit (thank you Mr Sneeze)
Israel: – Mo’adim Lesimkha
Italy: – Buon Natale

J

Jamaica: – Merry Christmas
Japan: – Merii Kurisumasu
Jordan: – Mboni Chrismen, Merry Christmas

K

Kazakhstan: – Hristos Razdajetsja, Rozdjestvom Hristovim
Kenya: – Merry Christmas
Kiribati: – Merry Christmas
Kuwait: – Mboni Chrismen, Merry Christmas
Kyrgyzstan: – Hristos Razdajetsja

L

Latvia: – Priecigus ziemassvetkus!
Lebanon: – Milad Majeed
Lesotho: – Happy Christmas
Liberia: – Happy Christmas
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya: – Mboni Chrismen, Buon Natale, Happy Christmas
Liechtenstein: – Frohliche Weihnachten
Lithuania: – Laimingu Kaledu
Luxembourg: – Schéi Krëschtdeeg

M

Macau: – Boas Festas, Sing dan fiy loc
Madagascar: – Joyeux Noel, Arahaba tratry ny Krismasy
Malawi: – Merry Christmas, Moni Wa Chikondwelero Cha X’mas
Malaysia: – Selamat Hari Krimas
Mali: – Joyeux Noel
Malta: Il-Milied it-Tajjeb
Malta: Il-Festi t-Tajba
Marshall islands: – Monono ilo raaneoan Nejin
Martinique: – Joyeux Noel
Mauritius: – Merry Christmas
Mayotte: – Krismas Njema Na Heri Za Mwaka Mpya, Joyeux Noel
Mexico: – Feliz Navidad
Monaco: – Joyeux Noel
Montserrat: – Merry Christmas
Morocco: – Mboni Chrismen
Mozambique: – Boas Festas

N

Namibia: – Geseende Kersfees
Nepal: – krist Yesu Ko Shuva Janma Utsav Ko Upalaxhma Hardik Shuva
Netherlands: – Prettige Kerstdagen
Netherlands Antilles: – Bon Pasco, Bon Anja
New Caledonia: – Joyeux Noel
New zealand: – Happy Christmas
Nicaragua: – Feliz Navidad
Niger: – Joyeux Noel
Nigeria: – Merry Christmas
Norfolk Island: – Merry Christmas
Northern Mariana Islands: – Filis Pasgua, Merry Christmas
Norway: – Gledelig Jul OR God Jul

O

Oman: – Mboni Chrismen

P

Pakistan: – Bara Din Mubarrak Ho
Palau: – Merry Christmas
Panama: – Feliz Navidad
Papua New Guinea: – Bikpela hamamas blong dispela Krismas
Paraguay: – Feliz Navidad
Peru: – Feliz Navidad
Philippines: – Maligayang Pasko
Pitcairn: – Merry Christmas
Poland: – Boze Narodzenie
Portugal: – Boas Festas
Puerto Rico: – Feliz Navidad, Felices Pascuas, Felicidades

Q

Qatar: – Mboni Chrismen

R

Republic of Korea: – Sungtan Chukha
Republic of Moldova: – Craciun fericit si un An Nou fericit!
Reunion: – Joyeux Noel
Romania: – Sarbatori vesele
Russian Federation: – С Рождеством! S’razhdistvam! OR Счастливого Рождества! Sh’aslivava Razhdistva!
Rwanda: – Noheli Nziza

S

Saint Kitts and Nevis:- Happy Christmas
Saint Lucia: – Happy Christmas
Saint Vincent and The Grenadines: – Happy Christmas
Samoa: – Manuia Le Kirisimasi
San Marino: – Buon Natale
Sao Tome and Principe: – Boas Festas
Saudi Arabia: – Mboni Chrismen
Senegal: – Joyeux Noel
Seychelles: – Happy Christmas, Joyeux Noel
Sierra Leone: – Happy Christmas
Singapore: – Sheng Tan Kuai Loh, Nathar Puthu Varuda Valthukkal, Happy Christmas
Slovakia (Slovak Republic): – Vesele Vianoce
Slovenia: – Srecen Bozic
South Africa: – Geseënde Kersfees, Happy Christmas
South Georgia and The South Sandwich Islands: – Happy Christmas
Spain: – Feliz Navidad
Sri Lanka: – Subha nath thalak Vewa, Nathar Puthu Varuda Valthukkal
St. Helena: – Happy Christmas
St. Pierre and Miquelon: – Joyeux Noel
Sudan: – Wilujeng Natal
Suriname: – Zalig Kersfeest, Wang swietie Kresnetie
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands: – Hristos Razdajetsja, Gledelig Jul
Swaziland: – Happy Christmas
Sweden: – God Jul
Switzerland: – Fröhlichi Wiehnacht, Joyeux Noel
Syrian Arab Republic: – Mboni Chrismen

T

Taiwan: – Kung His Hsin Nien bing Chu Shen Tan
Thailand: – Ewadee Pe-e Mai
The Democratic Republic of The Congo: – Joyeux Noel
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: – Streken Bozhik
Togo: – Joyeux Noel
Tokelau: – Merry Christmas
Tonga: – Kilisimasi Fiefia
Trinidad and Tobago: – Happy Christmas
Tunisia: – Mboni Chrismen
Turkey: – Mutlu Noeller
Turks and Caicos Islands: – Happy Christmas

U

Uganda: – Webale Krismasi
Ukraine: – Veseloho Vam Rizdva
United Arab Emirates: – I’d miilad said oua sana saida
United Kingdom: – Merry Christmas, Happy Christmas, Nadolig Llawen
United Republic of Tanzania: – Krismas Njema Na Heri Za Mwaka Mpya, Happy Christmas
United States: – Merry Christmas, Happy Holidays, Season’s Greetings
Uruguay: – Feliz Navidad

V

Vanuatu: – Merry Christmas, Joyeux Noel
Venezuela: – Feliz Navidad
Viet Nam: – Chuc mung Giang Sinh
Virgin Islands (British): – Merry Christmas
Virgin Islands (U.S.): – Merry Christmas

W

Wallis and Futuna Islands: – Joyeux Noel

Y

Yemen: – Mboni Chrismen
Yugoslavia: – Cestitamo Bozic

Z

Zambia: – Happy Christmas
Zimbabwe: – Happy Christmas

Comments»

1. Primal Sneeze - December 15, 2008

Why are some in red?

Some of these sound like threats :)

The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: – Streken Bozhik

That one scares me.

2. Baino - December 15, 2008

Wow! Very handy for the foreign Christmas Cards which I have yet to write – ours is Merry Micras . .symptom of a young niece who struggled with the word Christmas.

3. Conan Drumm - December 16, 2008

Agus duitse!

4. Gaye - December 16, 2008

Primal,
The red ones are the ones I know are correct hehe. I mean I know the ones in Spanish and French as well but not because I have learnt the language at some point, because it’s from general knowledge.
I am baffled with Afghani, I don’t have a clue why it’s so long!
And yea, some do sound like threats!
Well don’t let the “Former” Republic scare you. :)

Baino,
I like “Micras” that’s very cute :)

Conan,
And what? Am I adding it to the end of the Irish one?

Gx

5. Primal Sneeze - December 16, 2008

Okay. Well in the Irish one then, just drop the “h” in “dhuit” and you can mark it red too. Optionally include the plural.

Nollaig shona duit (daoibh).

6. Conan Drumm - December 17, 2008

= And to you!

7. Gaye - December 17, 2008

Thank you Primal, done and marked red.
Question: Is ‘daoibh’ plural or can it be used – like in some languages (i.e. the German “Sie”) as the polite form of “you”?

Duitse, I should have guessed from the root being the same, obviously I was having brain-freeze moment.
Aww, Conan, go raibh maith agat. :)

8. Primal Sneeze - December 18, 2008

Daoibh can only be used as plural, not as a polite form.

The -se ending on duitse is merely for stress. Hard to do this in text but I’ll try: Nollaig shona duit = Happy Christmas to you, whereas Nollaig shona duitse = (And a) happy Christmas to YOU (too). i.e. With more feeling.

-se is used when the preceding vowel is narrow: i or e
-sa is used when the preceding vowel is broad: a, o or u

9. Gaye - December 18, 2008

Go raibh maith agat Primal, that does help.
We have a similar rule in Turkish with a variety of suffixes so it makes sense.

10. Conan Drumm - December 23, 2008

I will defer every time to Primal, my Irish is only very vaguely remembered!

There is another expression – Nollaig faoi shéan is faoi mhaise duit – which I won’t embarrass myself with an attempted translation!

11. Gaye - December 23, 2008

Perhaps “A prosperous and enjoyable Christmas!” Conan?

Bless google’s little advance search socks!


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